The meniscus tear This is one of the most common knee injuries. It is relatively common among athletes during certain movements, such as knee rotation. Each knee has a total of two menisci, which act as shock absorbers between the femur and the tibia.

The rupture of the meniscus generates a great feeling of pain, as well as stiffness and swelling in the area. It is also common to feel some kind of blockage when trying to do any kind of movement with the knee.

Main causes

A meniscus tear can occur due to some activity during which the person causes a sharp turn, such as an aggressive pivot or a sudden braking. Although this is not usual, there are those who have suffered a meniscus fracture because of a squat or the lifting of a very fishy product. In the elderly, there are degenerative changes located in the knee that increase the risk of trauma of this type.

Symptoms

A number of symptoms announce a possible rupture of the meniscus. The most common is the sensation that the knee will explode, which comes in the form of acute and intense pain that is exacerbated when performing any movement.

The tear of the meniscus too causes stiffness and swelling in the areaas well as difficulties to fully extend the knee. When you try to rotate or move it, it is common to notice that the area is blocked.

Treatment

With regard to the treatment of meniscus rupture, the doctor recommends first absolute rest. It is important to avoid any type of activity that can worsen the pain in the area, especially sports.

Ice is a excellent home remedy to reduce knee pain, as well as swelling of the area. Ideally, use an ice pack and apply it on the knee for 15 minutes, keeping this area elevated. It is advisable to repeat the process every 4 or 6 hours. Analgesics are a great way to soothe the pain.

If the break can not be repaired, the affected area of ​​the meniscus It can be cut with surgery. The most common technique today is to make a series of incisions with an arthroscope. After the intervention, a series of exercises should be performed to promote mobility and strength of the knee.

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