WHO recognizes that air pollution is a critical risk factor for non-communicable diseases.
According to recent data from the World Health Organization (WHO), nine out of ten people breathe highly polluted air. And this is defined by the fact that seven million people die each year from ambient air pollution.
“The pollution is a threat to everyone, even if it is the poorest and most marginalized who suffer most,” says Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, Director-General of WHO. They show that more than 3 billion people, mainly women and children, continue to breathe the deadly smoke emitted by stoves and polluting fuels in their homes every day.
Deaths due to exposure to pollutants have negative effects on the lungs and cardiovascular system, leading to diseases such as stroke, heart disease, lung cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and respiratory infections such as pneumonia.
Although it should be noted that more than 90% of deaths related to air pollution occur in low- and middle-income countries, mainly in Asia and Africa, followed by low- and middle-income countries in the Eastern Mediterranean region, Europe and the Americas.
Some 3 billion people lack access to clean fuels and clean cooking technologies in their homes, which is the main cause of domestic air pollution. WHO recognizes that air pollution is a critical risk factor for non-communicable diseases (NCDs), accounting for an estimated one-quarter (24%) of all adult deaths from heart disease.
Although the most recent data show that the ambient air pollution levels remain dangerously high in most parts of the world, they are also showing positive developments. Countries are taking action to reduce air pollution caused by fine particulate matter. Projects are being implemented that are highlighted and contribute to the improvement of this system.
Although WHO recognizes that countries must work together to find solutions that enable sustainable transport, more efficient and renewable energy production and use, and waste management.