Child nutrition is a clear concept that encompasses many factors that need to be revisited. UNICEF explains that good nutrition is the basis of survival.
52 million children under 5 years are wasted, 17 million severely emaciated, 155 million cases of stunting, 41 million people overweight or obese. According to the WHO, these data also show that about 45% of deaths of children under 5 are related to malnutrition.
Therefore, the infant nutrition It's a clear concept that encompasses many factors that need to be re-examined. UNICEF says that good nutrition is the basis of survival, health and child development. Well-nourished children are better prepared to grow and learn, to participate in and collaborate with them, and to resist diseases, disasters and other global crises.
Follow a Mediterranean diet
From an early age, children should follow a Mediterranean diet based on cereals, vegetables, fruits, legumes, fish and olive oil, as it has beneficial effects on health. These are foods containing vitamins and minerals essential for the nutrition of children.
Reduce foods high in salt, sugars and processed
Childhood obesity is a scourge that we must prevent. For this, it is important to limit and limit the consumption of foods high in calories, salt and sugars, and obviously reduce processed foods, such as sausages and industrial pastries.
From birth, children should consult a pediatrician to control their growth, weight and height. And advise them to eat every moment of their childhood.
Global goals to improve child nutrition
The member countries of the World Health Organization have already set global targets for improving nutrition among the mother, infant and young child by 2025. Among these, it is stunting should be stopped, for example by reducing growth (small size for age) in children under five. Reduce low birth weight by 30%, Increase exclusive breastfeeding in the first six months to at least 50% and reduce and maintain wasting under 5% in children.
But among these goals, child malnutrition is also emerging and eradicate obesity in childrenOn the other hand, it has increased a lot in recent years.